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您现在的位置: 语文频道 > 高中外研版心灵港湾
高中英语总复习(一)
时间:2014-8-22 16:28:45        作者:王旭 崔慧…        来源:学习周报

  第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段对话,选出最佳选项。

  1. What does the man mean?

  A. He wants to go to the park.

  B. He doesn’t know where to park the car.

  C. He wonders how to get to the park.

  2. What does the man usually do on Sunday evenings?

  A. He goes to the church. B. He reads the papers.

  C. He visits friends.

  3. Where do you suppose the conversation takes place?

  A. In a theatre. B. In the ticket office.

  C. In the church.

  4. What does the man mean?

  A. They are not going too fast.

  B. They aren’t going to be on time.

  C. A good driver should learn to drive fast.

  5. What can we learn from the dialogue?

  A. The man went to the club, which was unusual.

  B. The woman regularly visits the man at ten in the evening.

  C. The man takes some exercises regularly at the club.

  第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听第6段材料,回答第6至8题。

  6. Why doesn’t the man book seats downstairs?

  A. They’re too close to the stage.

  B. They are expensive.

  C. They are uncomfortable.

  7. How long will it take to watch the play?

  A. Two hours and a half. B. An hour and a half.

  C. More than two hours.

  8. Where does the conversation take place?

  A. At a hotel. B. At a school.

  C. At a theatre.

  听第7段材料,回答第9、10题。

  9. Where does this conversation take place?

  A. In front of the hotel. B. In the street.

  C. At the garage.

  10. What’s wrong with the woman?

  A. She doesn’t know her way to the shop.

  B. She forgets the name of the shop.

  C. She can’t find a taxi.

  听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。

  11. What are they talking about?

  A. New Year. B. Christmas.

  C. Thanksgiving.

  12. What’s the relationship between the two speakers?

  A. Husband and wife. B. Cousins.

  C. Brother and sister.

  13. What are they going to make?

  A. Leftovers. B. Sandwiches.

  C. Turkey.

  听第9段材料,回答第14至17题。

  14. What were the hotels there like?

  A. Excellent but expensive. B. Cool but dirty.

  C. Cheap and excellent.

  15. Where do the two speakers live?

  A. In the United States. B. In Venezuela.

  C. In Australia.

  16. What’s the best thing to buy in Venezuela?

  A. Clothes. B. Office equipment.

  C. Gold and jewelry.

  17. What do the two speakers want to do?

  A. Talk to the Browns.

  B. Go to Venezuela for a trip.

  C. Collect information about Venezuela for their report.

  听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。

  18. Why did the man go to the bank?

  A. He wanted to get small change.

  B. He had to pay the fine there.

  C. He intended to call the traffic police.

  19. How did the man feel about the police officer’s final decision?

  A. Angry. B. Sad. C. Happy.

  20. What was the police officer’s attitude to the letter from the man?

  A. She felt it funny that the man made up such a story.

  B. She took pity on the unlucky man who had a bad day.

  C. She believed the man came across many misfortunes.

  第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

  从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  21. An accident happened at ______ crossroads a few metres away from ______ bank.

  A. a; a B. /; a C. /; the D. the; /

  22. The old lady must be ______ over eighty.

  A. much B. very  C. well   D. more

  23. I ______ you the best luck in the exam.

  A. wish B. hope C. expect D. want

  24. Nothing in my life has meant ______ to me as his praise.

  A. as much B. more

  C. that much D. as good

  25. Small as it is, the ant is as much a creature as ______ all other animals on the earth.

  A. are B. is C. have D. do

  26. Some areas, ______ their severe weather conditions, are hardly populated.

  A. due to B. with regard to

  C. but for D. in spite of

  27. Our decision ______ was wise.

  A. of waiting B. to wait

  C. for waiting D. to be waiting

  28. Was it ______ she heard with her ears ______ really made her frightened?

  A. what; that B. it; that

  C. that; which D. what; /

  29. ______ a broken chair, the room is empty.

  A. Except    B. Except for

  C. Except that   D. Besides

  30. —Did you know any French before you arrived in Washington?

  —Never ______ it, actually.

  A. had I learned B. have I learned

  C. I learned D. was I learning

  31. —Mary, what would you say to a holiday for the weekend?

  —______. I am simply tired of life here.

  A. You’re taken the words out of my mouth

  B. Enjoy yourself

  C. I can’t afford the time

  D. Where should we go?

  32. —Are you content with her lecture?

  —Nowhere near that. It ______.

  A. may have been good

  B. couldn’t have been worse

  C. can’t be better

  D. must be bettera

  33. The cakes are delicious. He’d like to have ______ third one because ______ second one is rather too small.

  A. a; a B. the; the

  C. a; the D. the; a

  34. We want our children to know that hard work ______.

  A. comes off B. gives off

  C. pays off D. sees off

  35. We can’t wait. We have to ______ the direction and the distance before we take action.

  A. make out B. figure out

  C. think out D. turn out

  第二节 完形填空

  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  Marty Dunn first saw Alexandra soon after she arrived in the United States and was put in an orphans’ home. She was four years old but 36 no more than three. She was only half the usual weight 37 her age. Her upper jaw(颚) developed 38 , but the lower one froze her mouth shut.

  Three months later, Alex was given an 39 on her jaw in a big 40 by Marty Dunn himself. The operation was quite a success. After nine 41 Alex had a functioning(可活动的) jaw. The next day the little girl was able to open her 42 . It was really a wonder! For the first time ever, Alex 43 . It lit up the room.

  She had never 44 a word before. Now she began to learn to speak. She 45 knew Spanish. Before long, 46 words came out freely.

  One day in late November 1986, more than two years 47 Alex had arrived at the 48 , the family went to a nearby 49 . After their meal, Mrs. Dunn turned to the little girl, “Alex,” she said, “you know we all 50 you. We’d like you to become our 51 and to be called Alexandra Dunn. Would you like that?”

  Alex smiled happily, “Oh, yes, I want that!” Then she 52 Alexandra Dunn lawfully.

  The day that Alex had been 53 for several years finally arrived in June the year before last. For the first time in her young life, Alex had a full set of 54 . She looked at her parents and said, “I’m the 55 girl in the world!”

  36. A. seemed B. pretended

  C. looked D. remained

  37. A. with B. for C. by D. at

  38. A. poorly B. normally

  C. rapidly D. slowly

  39. A. eyes B. examination

  C. experiment D. operation

  40. A. hospital B. room

  C. orphans’ home D. day

  41. A. days B. hours C. weeks D. months

  42. A. mouth B. eyes C. arms D. jaws

  43. A. spoke B. cried C. smiled D. ate

  44. A. known B. spoken C. learned D. written

  45. A. obviously B. really

  C. still D. already

  46. A. French B. English C. Russian D. Italian

  47. A. after B. before C. since D. ago

  48. A. Dunns’ B. hospital

  C. orphans’ home D. country

  49. A. park B. zoo C. restaurant D. church

  50. A. love B. save C. help D. need

  51. A. assistant B. daughter

  C. patient D. pupil

  52. A. proved B. called C. stayed D. became

  53. A. passing B. looking C. waiting D. spending

  54. A. teeth B. jaws C. parents D. eyeglasses

  55. A. loveliest B. luckiest

  C. proudest D. loneliest

  阅读下面短文,从每题所给出的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

  A

  Science supports what your grandmother told you: A good night’s sleep helps your body fight a cold.

  People who averaged fewer than seven hours of sleep per night in the weeks before being exposed to the cold virus were nearly three times as likely to get sick as those who averaged eight hours or more, a new study found.

  Researchers used frequent telephone interviews to track the sleep habits of more than 150 men and women aged 21 to 55 over the course of a few weeks. Then they exposed the subjects to the virus, quarantined them for five days and kept track of who got sick.

  Besides sleeping more, sleeping better also seemed to help the body fight illness: Patients who fared better on a measure known as “sleep efficiency” — the percentage of time in bed that you’re actually sleeping — were also less likely to get sick.

  The results held true even after researchers adjusted for variables such as body mass index(体质指数), age, sex, smoking and pre-existing antibodies to the virus.

  Like your grandmother, the researchers aren’t exactly sure why sleeping better makes you less likely to develop a cold. But they do take a stab at(尝试找出) the answer: Sleep disturbance influences the regulation of proinflammatory cytokines(促炎细胞因子), histamines

  (组胺), and other symptom mediators that are released in response to infection.

  56. How did the researchers get the information needed for the research?

  A. By making a poll.

  B. By making phone calls.

  C. By asking questions face to face.

  D. By asking people to fill forms.

  57. Through how many ways can one make his body stronger to fight illness according to the research?

  A. Two. B. Three. C. Four. D. Five.

  58. Which of the following aspects was NOT considered in the research?

  A. Age. B. Sex.

  C. Smoking. D. Drinking.

  B

  Diving refers to the sport of performing acrobatics(杂技) while jumping or falling into water from a platform or springboard of a certain height. Diving is an internationally-recognized sport that is part of the Olympic Games. In addition, unstructured and non-competitive diving is a common recreational pastime in places where swimming is popular.

  Diving is one of the most popular Olympic sports with spectators. Successful competitors possess many of the same characteristics as gymnasts and dancers, including strength, flexibility, kinaesthetic judgment and air awareness.

  Dive group

  A male diver performs a reverse from a 1-meter springboard in the tuck position.

  There are six “groups” into which dives are classified: Forward, Back, Inward, Reverse, Twist, and Armstand. The latter applies only to platform competitions, whereas the other five apply to both springboard and platform.

  ·In the Forward Group (Group 1), the diver takes off facing forward and rotates forward.

  ·In the Back (Group 2), the diver takes off with their back to the water and rotates backward.

  ·In the Reverse (Group 3), the diver takes off facing forward and rotates backward.

  ·In the Inward (Group 4), the diver takes off with their back to the water and rotates forward.

  ·Any dive incorporating(包含) an axial(轴向的) twisting movement is in the Twist (Group 5).

  ·Any dive starting from a handstand is in the Armstand (Group 6).(only on platform)

  Dive positions

  During the flight of the dive, one of the four positions may be specified:

  ·Straight — with no bend at the knees or hips

  ·Pike — with knees straight but a tight bend at the hips

  ·Tuck — body folded up in a tight ball, hands holding the shins and toes pointed.

  ·Free — Some sequence of the above positions.

  These positions are referred to by the letters A, B, C and D respectively.

  59. What kind of characters should a good diver have?

  A. He should be a gymnasts.

  B. His body should be full of strength and flexibility.

  C. His body should be full of kinaesthetic judgment and air awareness.

  D. Both B and C.

  60. How many diving groups can be performed in both springboard and platform?

  A. Four. B. Five.

  C. Six. D. Seven.

  61. Which group of diving can be only performed on platform?

  A. Forward. B. Back.

  C. Inward. D. Armstand.

  62. In the Forward Group, what should a diver do?

  A. He should take off facing forward and rotate forward.

  B. He should take off with his back to the water and rotate backward.

  C. He should take off facing forward and rotate backward.

  D. He should take off with his back to the water and rotate forward.

  63. Where probably can we read this passage?

  A. In a science book.

  B. In a sports magazine.

  C. In a newspaper.

  D. In a comic book.

  C

  If you had mentioned Branson, Missouri, 50 or even 30 years ago, chances are few people outside that little fishing town in the Ozark Mountains would have heard of the place. But all that changed in 1983, and today Branson is worldfamous as a performance venue(场所) for country, rock and other musicians.

  Branson was so tiny, it was not even on a Missouri road map as late as 1950. A few strangers did find their way down the two-lane highway into town on their way to catching bass(鲈鱼) or trout(鲑鱼) at one of three nearby, worldclass fishing lakes.

  And in 1960, a little amusement park brought in a few more visitors, and a local musical group started offering live shows for anyone who happened through.

  But Branson’s fortunes changed dramatically in 1983, when country singer, guitar master, and songwriter Roy Clark opened a theater there and invited his friends to come perform with him.

  Soon, musical stars started making a pilgrimage across Missouri’s backroads to this flyspeck of a town. Some, like Andy Williams, Wayne Newton, the Osmonds, and Mickey Gilley opened their own clubs as well. The Branson phenomenon had begun.

  Now the two-lane road is a four-lane expressway, often packed with buses full of tourists from all across the Midwest. They’re the same crowd that regularly checks out rock’n’roll legend Elvis Presley’s mansion over in Tennessee, even though the King has been dead for almost 33 years.

  A lot of the old-time stars who put Branson on the map have died or moved on. Some visitors complain that the music and jokes in the clubs are getting a bit too racy for them to bring the kids. But the fishing’s still great, prices at the all-you-can-eat buffets reasonable, and Branson’s still a boomtown. There’s even a two-story Titanic museum shaped like the ill-fated luxury cruise ship that sank in the North Atlantic in 1912.

  About 7,500 people live in Branson today, and there’s a good-sized dot next to the Branson name on the Missouri map.

  64. Branson became famous in ________.

  A. 1912 B. 1950

  C. 1960 D. 1983

  65. Who opened the gate of fortune to Branson?

  A. A few strangers who came to catch bass or trout.

  B. The country singer, guitar master, and songwriter Roy Clark.

  C. Musical stars like Andy Williams, Wayne Newton, the Osmonds, and Mickey Gilley.

  D. The rock’n’roll legend Elvis Presley.

  66. Which of the following is NOT true?

  A. The two-lane road is a three-lane expressway now.

  B. There are so many clubs in Branson now.

  C. People can still catch fish in Branson now.

  D. There’s a two-story Titanic museum in Branson now.

  67. What does the underlined sentence in the last paragraph mean?

  A. There is a dirty spot on the Missouri map.

  B. Someone has made the Missouri map dirty.

  C. The town Branson is now famous and is marked on the map.

  D. There is another town’s name marked next to Branson on the map.

  D

  Most of us lead unhealthy lives; we spend far too much sitting down. If in addition we are careless about our diets, our bodies soon become loose and fatty and our systems slow moving. There are some aspects of our unhealthy lives that we cannot avoid. I am thinking of such features of modern city life as pollution, noise, rushed meals and stress. But keeping fit is a way to reduce the effects of these evils. The usual suggestion to a person who is looking for a way to keep fit is to take up some sport or other. While it is true that every weekend you will find people playing football and hockey in the local park, they are outnumbered a hundred to one by the people who are simply watching them.

  For those who do not particularly enjoy competitive sports — and it is especially difficult to do so if you are not good at them — there are such separate activities as cycling, walking, jogging and swimming. What often happens, though, is that you do them in such a leisurely way, so slowly, that it is doubtful if you are doing yourself much good, except for the fact that you have at least managed to get up out of your armchair.

  Even after you have found a way for keeping in shape, through sport or gymnastics, you are still only half way to good health, because, according to the experts, you must also master the art of complete mental and physical relaxation(放松). It has to do with deep breathing, emptying your mind of all thoughts, meditation, and so on. Yoga, as practiced in the West, is the most widely known and popular of the systems for achieving the necessary state of relaxation. It seems ironical(讽刺性的), though, that as our lives have improved in a material sense we have found it increasingly necessary to go back to forms of activity physical effort on the one hand and relaxation on the other — which were the natural way of life of our forefathers.

  68. Pollution, noise and stress are examples of ________.

  A. causes of unfitness

  B. bad features of living in towns

  C. the things we can completely do away with

  D. unavoidable things in town

  69. We don’t get much out of separate sports because we ________.

  A. don’t do them very often

  B. don’t do them actively enough

  C. find it hard to get out of our armchairs

  D. don’t find them interesting

  70. To be healthy we must ________.

  A. keep fit and active

  B. keep fit and learn to relax

  C. be active and practise Yoga     D. have a sound mind

  71. Our forefathers were healthy because ________.

  A. their way of life closely connected with both exercise and relaxation

  B. they were careful to get plenty of fresh air

  C. they spent most of the time out of doors

  D. their environment was not polluted

  E

  Michael Fred Phelps III was born on June 30, 1985, in Baltimore, Md. When he was 2, he developed a serious fever and his father Fred Phelps rushed him to the hospital by an ambulance.

  “If the infection hadn’t been treated within a few hours, I probably wouldn’t have pulled through,” says Phelps in his autobiography(自传).

  Phelps began swimming at an early age, following in the footsteps of his two older sisters. Under the tutelage(指导) of coach Bob Bowman, Phelps became a nationally ranked swimmer and qualified for the 2000 Olympics the 200-meter butterfly, becoming the youngest American swimmer to qualify for the Olympics in 68 years.

  Phelps finished fifth in his only Olympic event. The shy 15-year-old was awkward under the media spotlight and felt more comfortable in the water. “If I’m not in the water for a few days, I’m not the same person,” he said.

  Phelps dominated the 2007 FINA World Championships, winning a record-tying seven gold medals and breaking five world records. The Baltimore Sun wondered if he was already the greatest swimmer of all time.

  Phelps returned to the Olympics in 2008 with a second chance to break Spitz’s record of 7 gold medals, entering by five individual events and three relays. In his second event, the 4x100-meter free relay, teammate Jason Lezak made a miraculous(奇迹般的) comeback on the final leg to preserve Phelps’ chance for perfection.

  Phelps tied Spitz’s record in one of the closest finishes ever, beating Milorad Cavic of Serbia by one-hundredth of a second in the 100 meters butterfly. He finished with a gold in the 4x100-meter medley relay(混合泳接力), giving him his record eighth gold medal.

  72. What would have happened if Phelps’ infection had not been given a timely treatment?

  A. He would have been paralyzed.

  B. He would have become mad.

  C. He would have died.

  D. He would have infected the family.

  73. Facing the media spotlight, 15-year-old Phelps ______.

  A. felt very uneasy

  B. jumped into water at once

  C. became very proud

  D. was very talkative

  74. At the Olympics in 2008, Phelps ______.

  A. became the youngest American swimmer

  B. won great achievements

  C. dominated the FINA World Championships

  D. offered Jason Lezak a chance of success

  75. The author develops the passage mainly by ______.

  A. the order of space

  B. the order of time

  C. cause and effect

  D. reasoning

  第一节 任务型读写(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  阅读下面短文,根据所读内容在表格中的空白处填入恰当的单词。

  注意:每个空格只填一个单词。

  Sibling Rivalry: You Vs Them

  It’s a fact of life: if you have siblings(兄弟姊妹), you usually have trouble. Many of you wrote to IML about problems you’re having with brothers and sisters:

  Nicole, 11, says that her brother tries to make her feel stupid, and whenever she tries to talk to him he tells her to “shut up”. Even though she loves him, she can’t help wishing she could have a better brother.

  Ivan, 12, has three older brothers and a 10-year-old sister. While he gets along great with his brothers, he and his sister fight constantly over dumb(没用的) stuff.

  Chabre, 10, wonders why sisters and brothers sometimes get treated differently, even though they’re about the same age.

  Dustin, 8, is frustrated because he and his brother are always fighting, and he doesn’t know how to fix it.

  Every family and every situation is different, but these kinds of problems are generally called “Sibling rivalry”. A rivalry is a competition between groups or individuals that goes on and on over time. Your school and a nearby school may have a long-standing sports rivalry. Harry Potter and Draco Malfoy have their own rivalry going on. Even though Harry always wins in the end, Draco never stops trying to get the best of him.

  In the same way, it may seem like you and a brother or sister are always trying to get the best of each other, and this can make you feel jealousy, tension, or anger towards him or her. The results of these feelings can be regular fights and arguments, long periods of “the silent treatment,” and, eventually, years of resentment.

  Even though sibling rivalries are totally natural, they can cause big problems within your family and especially hurt your relationship with a parent.

  ■

  ■

  第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

  以“Smoking Does a Great Harm”为题写一篇120字左右的议论文。提示如下:

  1. 抽烟者多为年轻人,甚至中学生也抽烟,在中国吸烟者占人口的45%;

  2. 分析抽烟原因:有的认为是乐趣,有的认为可以提神,清醒头脑(refresh oneself);

  3. 抽烟的害处:有害健康,可导致多种疾病,浪费,甚至可能引起火灾;

  4. 劝告抽烟者戒烟,不抽烟者不要学抽烟。

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  (听力材料及参考答案见下期)

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