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您现在的位置: 语文频道 > 高中心灵咖啡
the science of the stars
时间:2014-8-22 15:45:57        作者:刘召文 孟…        来源:学习周报

  第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段对话,选出最佳选项。

  1. What does the man want to get from the woman?

  A. Some pocket money. B. A toy car.

  C. A toy bike.

  2. Why does the woman buy so much bread?

  A. It’s cheap. B. She will make a trip.

  C. She will send it to others.

  3. What did Lily lose?

  A. Her job. B. Her money. C. Her necklace.

  4. How does the woman like to shop?

  A. Go window?鄄shopping.

  B. Shop online.

  C. Shop in famous stores.

  5. What does the man advise the woman to do with her money?

  A. Put it in the drawer. B. Put it in the bank.

  C. Spend in a right way.

  第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话或独白,选出最佳选项。

  听第6段材料,回答第6至8题。

  6. What’s the trouble with the man?

  A. He lost his way to the airport.

  B. He had his keys locked in his car.

  C. He couldn’t reach the airport on time.

  7. What is the man going to do this afternoon?

  A. Pick up his aunt. B. Go to his aunt’s home.

  C. Give his aunt a call.

  8. How does the man solve his problem?

  A. He asks a taxi driver for help.

  B. He borrows some money from the woman.

  C. He asks the woman to drive him home.

  听第7段材料,回答第9至11题。

  9. Why did the man first decide he couldn’t go downtown?

  A. He wanted to prepare for the test.

  B. He had to attend a class.

  C. He couldn’t find his watch.

  10. What is Gilson’s probably?

  A. A restaurant. B. A supermarket.

  C. A watch shop.

  11. How long are the speakers going to the downtown?

  A. About half an hour. B. A few hours.

  C. The whole day.

  听第8段材料,回答第12至14题。

  12. When will the woman take the night courses?

  A. After a couple of years.

  B. This autumn.

  C. Right now.

  13. How will the woman get enough money?

  A. From her parents. B. From her friends.

  C. Doing a part-time job in her spare time.

  14. What do we know about the man’s attitude?

  A. He is interested in the woman’s plan.

  B. He doesn’t care about the woman’s plan at all. C. He doubts if the woman can carry out her plan.

  听第9段材料,回答第15至17题。

  15. Where does the conversation most probably take place?

  A. In the woman’s office.

  B. In a science museum.

  C. In a science lab.

  16. What do we know about the man?

  A. He is preparing for a paper.

  B. He is still working for the professor.

  C. He will give a talk in two months.

  17. What will the woman do after their talk?

  A. Go back to her work.

  B. Go to see the professor.

  C. Go home straight.

  听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。

  18. What is Susan Welch most probably?

  A. A teacher. B. A singer.

  C. An announcer.

  19. Which program gives the ideas behind the pop songs?

  A. The History of Pop. B. About the Big Hits.

  C. The Road to Music.

  20. What can we learn from the text?

  A. It’s difficult for native English speakers to understand most pop songs.

  B. Pop Words is the listeners’ most favorite program.

  C. It’s easy for foreigners to understand most pop songs.

  第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

  21. His parents scolded him severely, for what he had done was ______ satisfactory.

  A. far from B. apart from

  C. next to D. owing to

  22. In Copenhagen climate summit, all the countries were trying to create the best way to save the earth although arguments ______.

  A. extended B. existed

  C. explored D. expanded

  23. ______ you like the car so much, why not buy one? It is very convenient for your life.

  A. Even if B. In case

  C. Now that D. As if

  24. ______ the pilot lost the control of the plane before it crashed onto the land was obvious.

  A. What B. Which C. That D. How

  25. The worker was ______ angry that he went out of the workshop without saying a word.

  A. very B. so C. really D. quite

  26. Whether the sports meeting will be held on time largely ______ the weather.

  A. contributes to B. results from

  C. depends on D. lies in

  27. ______ we can learn from the case is that we should strengthen the navy.

  A. That B. Which C. What D. Whether

  28. If they hadn’t helped us, we could not have finished the task ______.

  A. in time B. at one time

  C. at the same time D. at times

  29. —I failed in English test again. It seems there is no hope for me to make any progress.

  —______. Failure is the mother of success.

  A. All right B. Cheer up

  C. Well done D. No problem

  30. The world Health Organization called on all the countries to take measures to prevent superbug(超级病菌) ______.

  A. spreading B. being spread

  C. to spread D. spreads

  31. ______ they can take the opportunity to expand production remains to be seen.

  A. Where B. That C. What D. Whether

  32. ______ I know, this man would do anything in order to achieve his aim.

  A. As soon as B. As far as

  C. As long as D. As well as

  33. The advanced space technologies make ______ possible for people to settle on the moon in the future.

  A. this B. that C. those D. it

  34. I think a peace settlement is impossible, and a bloody conflict is about to ______ in this area.

  A. break in B. break into

  C. break out D. break away

  35. —I’m going to do the job again.

  —______. It’s too dangerous.

  A. Never mind B. No way

  C. Not at all D. No, you’d better not

  第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  Tim Becker and his neighbors are doing something to make their neighborhood a trouble-free area.

  When Tim Becker gets in his car to go shopping, he doesn’t 36 drive to a store and back home. He always looks 37 up and down the streets of his neighborhood. He looks for anything 38 such as strange cars, loud noises, 39 windows, or many people gathering on street corners.

  Tim 40 to a neighborhood watch group in the USA. The neighborhood watch group 41 on the third Wednesday of every month. That’s 42 Tim gets together with about ten of his neighbors to discuss community 43 .

  Members of the neighborhood watch group want to help the police 44 their homes, streets, and families safe.

  Tina Stedman, president of 45 neighborhood watch group, agrees with Tim. “People seem to think that crime(犯罪) happens to other people but not 46 them. Well, it’s never happened to me,” she said, “but I don’t think anyone has the 47 to steal from other people or to make them feel 48 sitting in their own homes.”

  Alex, a member of the group, said that all the neighbors 49 out for one another. “We 50 each other’s home. We keep watch on the neighborhood at night. And on weekends, usually a 51 of four or five of us goes out together. If someone doesn’t look right, then we call the 52 . For example, if we notice a group of teenagers who seem to be looking for 53 , or someone destroying property(财产), we report to the police.”

  Alex feels the neighborhood watch groups 54 a lot in keeping crime down. Her husband Tim agrees, “Police are good people, but they can’t do 55 .”

  36. A. yet B. still C. just D. rather

  37. A. carefully B. clearly

  C. nervously D. coldly

  38. A. familiar B. unusual

  C. expensive D. interesting

  39. A. curtained B. open

  C. old D. broken

  40. A. attends B. belongs

  C. goes D. turns

  41. A. meets B. quarrels C. sings D. searches

  42. A. where B. why C. when D. how

  43. A. politics B. wealth

  C. health D. safety

  44. A. keep B. hold C. let D. protect

  45. A. its B. his C. their D. your

  46. A. round B. on C. about D. to

  47. A. right B. chance C. courage D. mind

  48. A. unlucky B. unsafe

  C. disappointed D. discouraged

  49. A. set B. let C. hold D. look

  50. A. care B. enter C. watch D. manage

  51. A. group B. set C. number D. crowd

  52. A. judges B. police C. firemen D. doctors

  53. A. work B. burden C. service D. trouble

  54. A. produce B. find

  C. get D. help

  55. A. anything B. everything

  C. harm D. wrong

  A☆

  Three-dimensional(3D,三维的) movies have been becoming more and more popular in recent years. While new digital 3D technology has made the experience more comfortable for many, for some with eye problems, long 3D viewing may result in an aching head, doctors say.

  Digital 3D technology

  Dr. John Hagan, a Kansas City ophthalmologist(眼科医师), said some people who do not have normal depth perception(感觉) cannot see in 3D at all.

  He said people with eye muscle problems, in which the eyes are not pointed at the same object, have trouble processing 3D images.

  Rock Heineman, a spokesman for RealD, a provider of 3D equipment to theaters, said headaches and nausea(恶心) were the main reasons 3D technology never took off.

  Heineman said older 3D technology used two film projectors(放映机), one that projected a left eye image and one that projected a right eye image. Three-D glasses would allow viewers to see a different image in each eye.

  “People often complained of headaches and it was really because the projectors weren’t lined up,” Heineman said.

  Now his company has developed a new single digital projector, which switches between the left and the right eye image 144 times a second, to help overcome some of the old problems.

  “By going to a single digital projector, those problems were solved,” he said. Friedman said she thinks most people will do fine with 3D movies and with 3D TVs, but Rosenberg said people may quickly tire of the novelty(新鲜事物).

  “I suspect there will be a lot of people who say it’s sort of neat, but it’s not really comfortable,” he said.

  56. The main point of the article is ______.

  A. the reasons why people like 3D movies

  B. how to improve 3D technology

  C. the development of 3D technology in recent years

  D. causes of headaches and nausea when people watch 3D movies

  57. This article implies that ______.

  A. people do not like new things like 3D movies

  B. 3D TVs will completely take the place of old TV sets

  C. 3D technology is the most important technology ever

  D. those with eye muscle problems should not watch 3D movies

  58. Rosenberg suggests that ______.

  A. a single digital projector could solve all the problems with 3D technology

  B. people will gradually become comfortable with 3D movies and TVs

  C. the appeal of 3D movies and TVs may fade very quickly

  D. most people will actually enjoy the 3D experience

  B☆

  The Sea

  The sea is the biggest unknown part of our world. It covers seventy-one percent of the earth. There is still much to be discovered about this vast blanket of water.

  If the waters of the ocean could be moved away, the sea floor with its wide valleys, irregular(无规则的) mountains and rivers in the sea would be an unbelievable sight. Around the edges of the continents the ocean floor is flat and the water does not become much deeper for about thirty miles. Where there are high young mountains along the coast, this flat part may be much less than thirty miles. But where rivers flow into the sea, the flat area may extend(延伸) for hundreds of miles.

  The region(地带) near the continents, where the water is not so deep, is the place where the ocean’s greatest riches in marine(海生的) life are found. Below these living creatures and plants are the largest known quantities of minerals(矿物).

  At the end of the flat part of the sea floor suddenly drops down, forming deep hollows which are shaped like bowls. These huge hollows hold most of the world’s water.

  Imagine, if you can, a mountain chain can stretch(延伸) 40,000 miles around the earth. It is hard to believe that this great underwater chain of mountains encircling(环绕) the earth was discovered only a few years ago.

  59. Around the edges of the continents the water is relatively ______.

  A. cool B. deep C. shallow D. dirty

  60. The flat area where rivers flow into the sea may be ______ where there are high young mountains.

  A. deeper than those

  B. larger than that

  C. much less than the area

  D. higher than the edge of the continents

  61. ______ is the good place for living creatures and plants.

  A. The deep water area of the sea

  B. The edge of the continents

  C. The shallow water area not far from the continents

  D. The area around the continents

  62. A few years ago ______ of 40,000 miles was ______.

  A. a chain of mountains; found

  B. a mountain chain; encircled

  C. an underwater chain of mountains; discovered

  D. a mountain chain around the earth; imagined

  63. Where are the deep hollows which are shaped like bowls?

  A. The parts around the edges of the continents.

  B. In the middle of the ocean.

  C. Thirty miles away from the continent.

  D. The parts next to the flats.

  C☆☆

  Language is a way to communicate with each other. We started to learn language when we were born. However, people are used to speaking their mother languages, so immigrants(移民) are having many problems between the first generation and the second generation because they don’t have the same mother language. Also, the second generation is losing their identity. Especially in America, there are many immigrants that came from different countries to succeed in the States. Because they suffer in lots of areas such as getting a job and trying to speak English, they want their children to speak English, not only at school, but also at home in order to be more successful. Because of this situation, their children are losing their ethnic(民族的) identity and, even more, they don’t communicate with their parents whose English is not very good.

  For example, my aunt has been living in Chicago for fifteen years. Her fourteen-year-old daughter speaks English as a mother language, and has no problem talking with her parents, but she doesn’t want to speak Korean. My aunt often gets upset with her because she is very Americanized and they cannot understand each other.

  I think most immigrants are trying to keep their own language in their new country, but this doesn’t help very much in getting a good job. My aunt didn’t teach Korean to her children in order to help them succeed in the US. She did so, hopefully, to help them establish a Korean identity.

  64. This passage is mainly about ________.

  A. how to learn a second language

  B. how to become American citizens

  C. language and its effect on the identity of immigrants

  D. schools attended by immigrants to the US

  65. What is the reason that the 14-year-old daughter has problems with her mother?

  A. She doesn’t want to speak Korean.

  B. She doesn’t love her mother.

  C. She is very Americanized. D. Both A and C.

  66. The author’s aunt tries to teach her children to speak Korean to help them ______.

  A. succeed in the US

  B. find good jobs

  C. establish a Korean identity

  D. improve their language skills

  67. By saying “she is very Americanized”, the author means “______”.

  A. the girl likes everything in America

  B. the girl is an inhabitant of America

  C. the girl feels happy as an American

  D. the girl has become an American in character

  D☆☆

  The astronauts who flew around the earth as a part of Project Mercury(水星) were explorers entering a new world. Their reports added to man’s knowledge of how the human body functions outside the earth’s gravity. Some of the other things the astronauts reported were very surprising.

  For example, scientists were astonished to learn how clearly the astronauts could see things on earth from 100 miles away.

  “I saw several houses with smoke coming from the chimneys in the high country around the Himalayas,” Gordon Cooper reported after the Mercury-Atlas 9 flight of May 1963. Cooper reported seeing a train and the wake of a boat. He also thought he saw a truck moving along a highway.

  Photographs were taken from Cooper’s capsule(密封舱). They were clearer than photos taken from high-flying airplanes. This may have been due to the astronaut’s cameras being so far away from the air turbulence(湍流) and dust that cause distortion(变形) in photos taken from high-flying airplanes.

  Scientists set up vision tests for later astronauts. Certain patterns of white markers were placed on the ground in Texas and Australia. The patterns were kept secret from the astronauts. Yet they easily located the markers and correctly described the patterns.

  Today, some scientists think that the earth’s gravity may hinder the working of the human eye. For example, on earth gravity may be pulling the soft lens(透镜) of our eyes out of shape. When the pull of gravity is absent, the soft lens may take on a better shape for seeing clearly. The natural movements of the eye, which help it see more clearly, may be more effective when a person is “weightless”. Whatever the reasons may be for seeing better in space, man is learning new and surprising facts about human vision. The new knowledge is an unplanned result of the space exploration program.

  68. It can be inferred from the passage that ______.

  A. space experts know everything about man in space

  B. space exploration cannot change our knowledge of ourselves

  C. Earth’s gravity only hinders the astronauts

  D. man may learn many surprising things about himself in space

  69. Certain patterns of white markers were placed on the ground in ______.

  A. Trenton and Alaska B. Tampa and Austria

  C. Texas and Australia D. the Himalayas

  70. Why do we think that the photos were clearer from the capsule than high-flying planes?

  A. Astronauts were given much more expensive cameras.

  B. Air turbulence and dust caused distortion in photos taken in planes.

  C. Cameras do not shake as much in capsules as they do in high-flying planes.

  D. Astronauts were better photo-takers.

  E☆☆

  If touring in a large group isn’t for you and the idea of driving yourself doesn’t appeal(有吸引力), a small group journey with the Great New Zealand Travel Company might be just the answer.

  Panorama — 24 Days

  This leisurely, 24-day journey features a minimum 2-night stay at every stopover point. With such an incredible choice of things to do and places to see, you will enjoy plenty of time to sightsee, relax and experience the lifestyle that is New Zealand.

  Departure Dates: 2010 Jan. 12, 26;Feb. 09, 23

  Price: NZ$10,715

  Nikau — 13 Days

  This 13-day journey from Auckland to Christchurch lets you experience the true diversity of this breathtaking country.

  Departure Dates: 2010 Jan. 02, 23;Feb. 02, 16

  Price: NZ$5,680

  Southern Adventure — 11 Days

  This tour will take you on a journey of discovery and there’s also plenty of time for personal exploration as well.

  Departure Dates: 2010 Jan. 17, 31;Feb. 07, 24

  Price: NZ$5,820

  Captivating Northland — 4 Days

  The Bay of Islands is a great add-on and should not be missed if time permits. This independent touring holiday will whisk you away to the Northland region, regarded as the birthplace of New Zealand as we know it today. See the oldest Maori and European Settlements in the country and enjoy a unique ecocultural excursion into the Waipoua Forest.

  Departure Dates: daily

  Price: NZ$2,015

  71. Mr Black feels like knowing more about the origin of New Zealand, he should take part in ______.

  A. Panorama — 24 Days

  B. Nikau — 13 Days

  C. Southern Adventure — 11 Days

  D. Captivating Northland — 4 Days

  72. A retired woman wants to tour on Women’s Day, so ______ is her best choice.

  A. Panorama — 24 Days

  B. Nikau — 13 Days

  C. Southern Adventure — 11 Days

  D. Captivating Northland — 4 Days

  73. A young couple plans to choose Nikau — 13 Days, so the travel company charges them NZ$ ______ at least.

  A. 10,715 B. 11,360 C. 11,640 D. 5,680

  74. From the advertisement we know ______.

  A. he / she will remain at least two days at each attraction if one joins in Panorama — 24 Days

  B. Nikau — 13 Days is the best trip of all to know the way of New Zealanders’ life

  C. “Hole in the Rock” is a famous hotel in New Zealand

  D. he / she will enjoy the beautiful view of the northern New Zealand if one chooses an 11-day trip

  75. The four trips are intended for ______.

  A. groups with a good knowledge of New Zealand

  B. foreigners who have a lot of free time

  C. groups with a small number of tourists

  D. natives who want to learn more about their country

  第一节 任务型读写(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  When you have a question about something, where do you go? For many people the answer is simple. They go online to a search engine like Google or Yahoo. But what about people in rural or underdeveloped areas who may have no way to get on the Internet?

  A business and international development consultant(顾问) in California, Rose Shuman, wanted to find an answer for them, too. Her solution is Question Box.

  Question Box is a service that provides answers — free of charge — for people who cannot search the Internet directly.

  Question Box began 2 years ago in India. People use a metal call box with a push-to-talk button to connect to a live operator, as Rose Shuman explains, “You just push a button, a big green button, and that will connect you directly to our operators who are sitting in front of computers, and speak your language. And you can ask them any sort of question you want, and they’ll look it up in English or in Hindi, or whatever the main language is, and translate the answer right back for you.”

  The service is currently offered in 2 villages. The latest version(版本) of the box uses mobile phone technology, and solar panels(太阳能板) in case the electrical power fails. Rose Shuman says the aim was to make the box as easy as possible for users.

  In April, 2009, Question Box expanded to Uganda.Forty community(社区) workers with mobile phones connect villagers to call center operators in Kampala.The community workers go around telling people about the service. They wear T-shirts that say“Ask Me”.

  But Internet service in Uganda proved slow and undependable. So Question Box works with a local technology company to store information on a local server. That way, the reserachers in Kampala can quickly search the database for answers.

  Question Box is a project of Open Mind, a nonprofit organisation founded by Rose Shuman. She says Question Box is working to expand by offering its software through partnerships.

  ■

  ■

  第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

  近年来尽管政府在改善居住上投入了大量资金,但是住房问题仍然是中国许多大城市所面临的最严重的问题之一。对此话题你们班进行了热烈的讨论。一部分人建议:多造高层建筑(high?鄄rise apartments),一部分人认为:向地下发展。而你赞成前一种观点。

  你的理由:

  1. 建筑费用便宜;2. 久住地下对身体不利;3. 地上阳光充足,地下只有人造光源(artificial lighting)。

  你的结论:……

  现请你以“How to Solve the Housing Problem in Big Cities”为题写一篇120字以上的短文。

  (听力材料及参考答案见下期)

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