Chinese New Year, Lunar① New Year, or the Spring Festival is the most important of the traditional Chinese holidays. It is commonly called “Lunar New Year”, because it is based on the lunisolar Chinese calendar②. The festival traditionally begins on the first day of the first month in the Chinese calendar and ends with Lantern Festival which is on the 15th day.
The Spring Festival is the most important festival for the Chinese people and is when all family members get together, just like Christmas in the West.
It falls on the 1st day of the 1st lunar month, often one month later than the Gregorian calendar③. It originated in the Shang Dynasty from the people’s sacrifice to gods and ancestors at the end of an old year and the beginning of a new one.
The most important days are the Spring Festival Eve and the first three days. The Chinese government now stipulates people have seven days off for the Chinese Lunar New Year. And many customs accompany the Spring Festival.
① lunar adj. 阴历的
② calendar n. 日历
③ Gregorian calendar 公历