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您现在的位置: 语文频道 > 初中知识拾遗
完形填空解题技巧
时间:2014-8-20 15:07:21        作者:郭克晴        来源:学习周报

  技巧点拨

  1. 通读全文、掌握大意。

  做题前,应将短文从头至尾快速通读一遍,了解其大意。切忌在未把握文章大意前便匆匆地填一遍或一一逐项对空格选填。边读边填会打断阅读的思路,影响对全文大意的了解,其结果是只见树木不见树林,欲速则不达。从而无法从整体上把握全文概要,造成顾此失彼,既影响准确率,也影响做题速度。因此我们必须认真阅读全文,抓住主题句,了解背景知识,对处于空格位置的词语进行分析和判断,以便理顺思路,为后面的答题做好铺垫。

  2. 细读首尾、推测意图。

  文章的首句是观察全文的“窗口”。尾句是文章的总结、结论或点睛之笔,会带给我们许多启示,所以抓住文章的首句(段)和尾句(段),对把握文章的主旨和大意有很大的帮助。因此我们可以仔细阅读文章的首句和尾句,不但可以得到重要的信息,而且可以根据此信息推测出作者的意图。

  3. 综合考虑、瞻前顾后。

  我们要根据全文大意和词不离句、句不离文的原则,把上下文的意思、句法结构、词类和语法功能、惯用法、逻辑推理常识等各种因素加在一起综合考虑,仔细推敲。为了使完成后的文章内容合理,语法正确,解题时必须将注意力集中到整体理解上,既要瞻前顾后,通盘考虑,领会上下文的要求,在空格内大胆地作合理的推断;又要辨别词义,注意搭配,核对答案,检查语法。

  如果遇到一些较难的选项,这时千万不要急于下结论,可暂时搁置不管,静下心来,继续往下做。待全文其它选项确定后,结合全文,再仔细推敲待选的四个选项。可先排除干扰项,再通过综合分析对比,着力了解语境,力图从整体上把握文章的主旨,去掉似是而非的选项,然后一锤定音,选出最佳答案。

  4. 复读全文、验证答案。

  做完题目后,要立足整体,把全文再通读一遍。如选择正确,全文应意义贯通,语法正确,逻辑合理。若有疑问,则需彻底弄清原入选项的错误之所在,以及新入选项为什么正确后,方可改正,否则十之八九会改错。

  典型试题

  阅读短文,从题中所给的A﹑B﹑C﹑D四个选项中选出一个最佳选项,并将其字母标号填入题前的括号内。

  Life is not easy, so I’d like to say “When anything happens, believe in yourself.”

  When I was 14, I was 1 nervous to talk to anyone. My classmates often 2 me. I was sad but could do nothing. Later, something happened. It changed my life. It was an English speech(演讲) contest. My mother asked me to take part in it. What a(n) 3 idea! It meant I had to speak in front of all the teachers and students of my school!

  “Come on, boy. Believe in yourself. You are sure to 4 .” Then, Mother and I talked about many different topics(题目). At last I 5 the topic “Believe in yourself ”. I tried my best to 6 all the speech and practiced it over 100 times. With my mother’s great love, I did well in the contest. I could 7 believe my ears when the news came that I had won the first place. I heard the 8 from the teachers and students. Those classmates who once looked down on(瞧不起) me, now all said “Congratulations!” to me. My mother hugged me and cried 9 .

  10 then, everything has changed for me. When I do anything, I try to tell myself to be sure and I will find myself. This is true not only for a person but also for a country.

  ( )1. A. so B. too

  C. very D. quite

  ( )2. A. made faces at B. looked after

  C. caught up with D. laughed at

  ( )3. A. interesting B. exciting

  C. terrible D. wonderful

  ( )4. A. win B. lose

  C. beat D. pass

  ( )5. A. didn’t choose B. didn’t think

  C. chose D. thought

  ( )6. A. remember B. see

  C. spell D. hear

  ( )7. A. almost B. nearly

  C. ever D. hardly

  ( )8. A. cheers B. noises

  C. thanks D. wishes

  ( )9. A. angrily B. sadly

  C. quietly D. excitedly

  ( )10. A. Since B. Except

  C. From D. Before

 

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