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您现在的位置: 语文频道 > 初中知识拾遗
Units 3-5 知识要点讲解
时间:2014-8-18 16:23:18        作者:张国宏        来源:本站原创

        词汇集锦

  1. barber shop 理发店

  There is a barber shop in this street.

  这条街上有个理发店。

  2. get out 出去,离开

  You work too hard! You should get out a bit more!

  你工作太辛苦了!你应该多出去活动活动!

  3. run away 逃跑

  The thief had run away when the police?鄄men came.

  警察来时小偷已经跑了。

  4. hear about 听说

  Did you hear about this film?

  你听说这部电影了吗?

  5. first of all 首先

  First of all, we must believe in ourselves.

  首先,我们必须得相信自己。

  6. pass on 传递

  Will you pass on a message to her?

  你可不可以给她传个口信?

  7. be supposed to 被期望或要求……

  I was supposed to give a report in this meeting.

  在这次大会上,我被要求做个报告。

  8. do well in 在……方面做得好

  John does well in playing games.

  约翰很擅长打游戏。

  9. in good health 身体健康

  My grandparents are in good health.

  我爷爷奶奶身体很健康。

  10. report card 成绩单

  Is this your school report card?

  这是你的成绩报告单吗?

  11. get over 克服,恢复

  I believe you can get over this difficulty.

  我相信你能克服这个困难。

  12. open up 打开

  I can open up my students’ eyes to the outside world.

  我可以打开我的学生观察外面世界的视野。

  13. care for 照顾,关心

  Please care for baby when I am out!

  我不在的时候请照顾小孩!

  14. have a good time 玩得愉快

  Did you have a good time in this trip?

  这次旅行玩得愉快吗?

  15. around the world 在世界各地

  There are many Chinese people around the world.

  在世界各地都有很多中国人。

  16. all the time 一直

  The baby kept crying all the time yesterday evening.

  这个小孩昨天晚上一直在哭。

  17. get out of 从……里出来

  The woman got out of a car with a red bag.

  那位妇女从一辆车里出来,手里拿着个红色的包。

  18. take place 发生

  An accident took place at this cross three days ago.

  三天前,这个十字路口发生了一起事故。

        语法点击

  ★直接引语和间接引语

  引述别人的话时,一般采用两种方式:一是直接引用别人的原话,把它放在引号内,称为直接引语;二是用自己的话加以转述,被转述的话不放在引号内,称为间接引语。间接引语在大多数的情况下是一个宾语从句。直接引语和间接引语可以相互转换,转换时要注意人称、时态的变化,宾语从句要用陈述句语序。

  1. 直接引语是陈述句,变为间接引语时,由连词that引导。

  My mother said, “I want you to go to school.”

  我妈妈说:“我想让你去上学”。

  My mother said that she wanted me to go to school.

  我妈妈说她想让我去上学。

  2. 直接引语是一般疑问句,变为间接引语时,由连词whether或if引导。

  She asked me, “Do you like swimming?”

  她问我:“你喜欢游泳吗”?

  She asked me whether / if I liked swimming.

  她问我是否喜欢游泳。

  3. 直接引语是特殊疑问句,变为间接引语时,由相应的连接词who, whom, what, how, whose, why, when, where等引导。

  He asked, “When will the meeting start?”

  他问:“会议什么时候开始呢”?

  He asked me when the meeting would start.

  他问我会议什么时候准备开始。

  4. 直接引语是祈使句时,其间接引语由“主语 + ask / tell ... sb. + (not) to do sth. + 其他”构成。

  He said, “Please come to see me tomorrow!”

  他说:“明天请来看我!”

  He asked me to see him the next day.

  他要求我第二天去看他。

  注意:

  (1)直接引语表示客观事实,普遍真理等,主句尽管是过去时态,变间接引语时还是用一般现在时。

  He told his daughter, “The earth goes round the sun.”

  他告诉他女儿说:“地球绕着太阳转”。

  He told his daughter that the earth goes round the sun.

  他告诉他女儿地球绕着太阳转。

  (2)直接引语变间接引语时,指示代词、时间状语、地点状语、动词等都要做相应的变化,this→that, these→those, now→then, yesterday→the day before, today→that day, tomorrow→the next day, ago→before, last year→the year before, here→there, come→go等。

  He said, “I haven’t eaten anything today.”

  他说:“我今天还什么也没吃呢。”

  He said that he hadn’t eaten anything that day.

  他说那天他什么也没吃。

  但是,如果转述时对话双方就在原来的地方,或在说话的当天,就不必改变相应的时间状语、地点状语等。

  (3)间接引语一般要用陈述句的语序。

  He asked his mother: “Where did you go?”

  他问他的母亲:“你上哪去了?”

  He asked his mother where she went.

  他问他的母亲去哪里了。

  山西 张国宏

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